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September 26, 2012

Essay Paper on Atypical Development


Atypical Development
As far as the identification of risky behavior is concerned according to the scenario, those three risky behaviors are following:
Frequently sleeps in class
Defaces desks and textbooks in the classroom
Blatantly refuses to answer direct questions.
Frequently sleeps in class
The first at-risk behavior is problematic in that way, as mentioned above, One of the student's parents is deceased and he have to works several hours after school every day in order to earn money for the family, this overburden of work will be the catalyst to have no proper sleep in his home and to cover his energy he consciously or unconsciously went to sleep.
Defaces desks and textbooks in the classroom
The second listed behavior portray that he has no any intension about his own belongings. It seems the expression of his frustration that could be the outcome of his family situation and burden to work to nurture his family. Furthermore, it is also possible that he is unable to understand and solve any type of puzzle that he is facing in the class or outside the class.

Blatantly refuses to answer direct questions.
The third listed at-risk behavior depicts that he is not active in the class and during the lecture time or he is feeling difficulty to understand the question and to find the appropriate answers. Besides, fear of insult and embracement can also be the catalyst for him to express his viewpoints.
However, the overall antisocial behavior is not the good sign because according to the study there is a close relation between the Antisocial Personality and Criminal Behavior. According to the study that is done by the John Masala who is M.D., M.R.C. Psych in Dubrava Psychiatric Unit, Penal Management Department, Pristina, Kosovo. This study is about the A 45-year-old man with a criminal track since age 14 years had a more than 10-year record of abusing drugs.  The study depicts that “The Person is a 45-year-old single man who lives with his 82-year-old mother, selling firewood for a living. He has 3 brothers who have their own homes. His childhood was uneventful, although he stopped attending school at primary level after repeated truancies. His attitude toward his parents was defiant and rebellious; he stole from home on occasion and was disobedient to his parents. He never had a regular job.
The Person has a long criminal history that began at the age of 14 years. Since then, he has been in and out prison numerous times, mostly for petty crimes such as disturbing public order. Once, he was charged with rape but was not convicted due to lack of enough evidence, and another time he was sentenced to 6 months in prison for a drug offense. He abused heroin and cocaine for more than 10 years. He spent a total of 19 years in prison for various offenses” (Masala, 2009). Therefore, to cope that situation, use of Instructional interventions are inevitable.
Instructional interventions
However, As far as the instructional interventions is concerned to use and implement in the classroom to cope the above mentioned three risky behaviors, are following:
Instructional interventions for frequently sleeps in class
1.        To help this student to avoid sleeping in the class, different responsibilities should be assigned to him such as assigning the attendance responsibility and then report it to the particular office, will provide the opportunity of movement that will help him to avoid from sleep.
2.        Another intervention is to assign him the task to collect and count the assignment from the student and to act as a class vigilant to monitor any inappropriate activity.
3.        Furthermore, he can be responsible to act as a teacher assistant in that way, during the class, teacher can ask him to write on the white board according to the instructions.
Instructional interventions for defacing desks and textbooks
1.        In the connection of defacing desks and textbooks, teacher can use his book for reading and to instruct him to read loudly in the class, this action will ultimately help him to prevent him from defacing the books.
2.        Furthermore, teacher can help him personally by providing extra attention to complete the assignment and impose different conditions such as your assignment will be check first then rest of the class.

3.        Besides, teacher can held him responsible to check every student desk and book for any inappropriateness and held him responsible to inform such type of activity that will be dealt strictly. This step will also help him to manage his belongings properly.
4.        Additionally, teacher can motivate him just by giving the selected number of copies than to assign him a whole text book, this action will reduce the fear to read and cover the whole book.
Instructional interventions for refuses to answer direct questions
1.        To cope the listed behavior about refusal to answer questions, teacher can encourage him that every reading activity will be start from you and you will be the first person to initiate any activity inside the class.
2.        Teacher can encourage him by giving the leverage, instead of answering verbally, first you are allowed to write it on the paper then submit. The point that should be borne in mind that this leverage will be for question and answer activity only that will polish his expression skills.
3.        Another way that can be adopted is to allow him to raise his hand to ask any type of question and to give answer then to listen him teacher should go to him so that he could feel that the teacher is with him and no any other class mates will laugh at him.
The above discussed activities and interventions will help him to be active participant in the class, but however, his family issues are that types that I cannot solve but at least a meeting with his family will ultimate help to further explore his personality and issues that will be catalyst to manage this type entangled personality who is the student and as teacher it is the responsibility to nurture him properly as much as possible.

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