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October 21, 2012

Essay on Irresponsible Sexual Behavior


Irresponsible Sexual Behavior
Sex and to have the sex is the natural desire in all adults, it is like to have the desire of food to satisfy the hunger but as to have the food, there are some norms and ethics, to have the sex there are some precautions and obligations that are inevitable to follow otherwise a person as an individual and a society as a whole may face the catastrophe.
Discussion
Sex is the type of desire that plays a key role on human behaviors and feelings. Like other societies, it is also the key issue in America that how to manage the outcomes that society has to bear because of Irresponsible sexual issues.
According to the study, “Adolescent sex was rarely talked about in the 19th century, but that changed in the 20th century with the growth of public high schools, which brought girls and boys together in an institutional setting that fostered greater contact and intimacy than ever before. In 1900 probably less than 10 percent of Americans ages 15 to 18 were in public high schools, but by 1940 the proportion had grown to about two thirds. Not surprisingly, in the 21st-century U.S. many teenagers admit to loss of virginity. This behavior becomes problematic when young people fail to use contraception. A quarter of 15- to 16-year-old girls, for example, had unprotected sex during their first intercourse. (This statistic, however, marks an improvement over the pre-1980s level of 57 percent.) Only half the parents of girls younger than 18 counsel their daughters on how to say no to boys, and only about half talk to them about birth control. Teenage girls from intact homes are less likely to have had sexual intercourse” (Rodger, 2006).
The statistics of US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention portrays that in the year of 2007, the percentage of US high school’s students who are sexually active is 35% while the percentage of US high school’s students who already experienced sex is 47.8%, this percentage portrayed downward trend in 1991 (YRBS, 2007). According to the research: “Teens are increasingly engaging in oral sex, other studies indicate that there has been little change in either oral sex or vaginal sex among teen opposite-sex partners over the past decade. Some research indicates that teen sexual activity increasingly takes place outside of romantic relationships and in more casual hook ups, which one author calls a "profound shift in the culture of high school dating and sex" (Hall, 2003).
The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services depicts, “The younger the age of first sexual intercourse, the greater the risk of unwanted pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections. This is because those who begin having sex at young ages are generally exposed to risk for a longer time, are less likely to use contraception, generally have more sexual partners, and tend to engage in higher risk sexual behaviors such as alcohol or drug use prior to sexual intercourse and having multiple concurrent sexual partners. It must be recognized as well that early intercourse is frequently not voluntary” (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2001).
According to the American Academy of Pediatrics, the sexual behaviors of American adolescents/teens is a "major public health problem”, and "earlier sexual initiation is associated with negative health outcomes." The regret feelings about to have early sex adversely affect on the health, motivation and positive emotions, these regret feelings are the major catalyst to create barrier on the path of success that only required good health, positive motivation and emotions (Pediatrics, 2008).
There is a sturdy relationship between early sexual activity and in other negative and risky behaviors. each year, as per estimated one  in four teens who sexually active contracts an sexually transmitted disease like Hepatitis, Autism, HIV and Aids, and teen pregnancy is two  to ten times additional prevalent in the United States than in other likewise developed countries ("U.S. teen sexual," 2005).
Some studies have described that, engaging in sex is the key factor of higher levels of stress and depression. Among sexually active 15- to 19-year-olds, 83% of females and 91% of males confirms, using of at least one method of birth control from the last sex that is also the cause of stress, depression and tension ("Sexual health statistics," 2006).
As discussed above that irresponsible sexual behavior may become the cause of dilemma and catastrophe not only for the victim but also for the whole society in that connection, it would be better here to cite the example that is published on the website of bioethics, this example will further help to understand the intensity of the issue. The article is about the dilemma that is became the riddle in front of the nurse Carol Hathaway, the dilemma is about the breaking of the confidentiality of the Patient (Andrea) who diagnosed as the patient of HPV, a kind of STD (sexually transmitted disease) and cervical cancer.
According to the article story, Andrea is identified as a victim of sexually transmitted disease (STD) and as the patient of cervical cancer. Furthermore, it also discovered that Andrea have been involved in participating the “sex parties” and connected with several partners. The bitter fact is that patient (Andrea) is the victim of HPV (human papilloma virus), that is the type of STD (sexually transmitted disease) and she also diagnosed as the patient of cervical cancer that is the outcome of HPV (Nathanson, 2000).
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), “it is estimates that approximately half of the sexually active population in the United States has been infected with HPV, the virus that can cause genital warts, at some time in their life. In most women and men, HPV is asymptomatic, which helps the disease spread rapidly undetected. The greatest danger posed by HPV infection is its link to cervical cancer. There are over 85 types of HPV infection, with 9 of those types considered to be high-risk types which lead to cervical cancer. It is now known that approximately 95% of cervical cancers are linked to HPV infection, making cervical cancer the first sexually transmitted cancer to be identified. When found early and treated properly, cervical cancer has very high treatment and survival rates” (Nathanson, 2000).
This story and information further support the notion that irresponsible behavior may destruct the whole life of the patient and portrays that if the patient confidentiality exposed, it could damage the patient life and ego both.
Because of the sensitivity of the issue, the Healthy person 2010 that is USA based disease prevention and health promotion agenda also included the domain of Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Substance Abuse, HIV and Cancer in its Focus areas’ list ("Healthy people 2010"). Furthermore, it should be borne in mind that the earlier onset of puberty is increasing pressure on teens to act as adults prior to emotionally or cognitively ready, and thus are at risk to undergo by emotional distress as a consequence of sexual activities. Here it should be remembered, emotional distress is the main cause to motivate the individual to do crime and to be drug addicted that are the characteristics of antisocial personality disorders, bear in mind that is a psychiatric condition characterized by chronic behavior that manipulates, exploits, or violates the rights of others. This behavior is often criminal (O'Connell, 2005).
Conclusion & Recommendation
As far as the question to overcome this sensitive issue, there are varieties of recovery methods that depend upon the nature and type of disorder, consulting the doctor and psychologist is the ideal way to recover the problems but the sex education and its role are crucial. The most common recovery methods and techniques that are currently in practice are: Interpersonal Therapies, Prescribed Medications, Cognitive Behavior Therapy, Group Therapies, and Moral Reconation Therapy. The Moral Reconation is the special type of Therapy that focuses on the basic treatment issues that are assessing developing a tolerance for frustration, developing a higher stage of moral reasoning, formation of positive identity, current and prior relationships, attitudes and behaviors, confronting their beliefs, decreasing their self indulgence, reinforcing positive behavior and other habits ("Sex addiction treatment").
The point that should be noticed that above discussed suggestions about the therapies and sex education is directly and indirectly the support the notion of Healthy people 2010 and its Focus areas in the quest of improving the health of whole American nation during the 1st decade of twenty first century.

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