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October 28, 2012

Essay on Sleep Disorder and Insomnia


Sleep Disorder/Insomnia
Introduction
The sleep disorder of insomnia is mainly related to the complaint of insufficient and poor quality of sleep which is mainly linked to less number of hours dedicated to the activity of sleeping or waking up too early in the morning with the action of not getting back to sleep.
These actions occur primarily because of the non-restoration of sleep once the person is awake and are mostly associated with the impairment occurring during the day. With the passage of time the disease of insomnia has increased rapidly in many countries of the world, the United States being registering the highest number of cases of people with one third of the population of the country suffering from the insomnia disease while 10% of the population admits that they have suffer from chronic insomnia and have a persistent problem related to the disease.
Reasons behind Insomnia
There are many reasons that are associated with the sleeping disorder; one of the prime reasons that are most commonly linked to insomnia is excessive stress and tension. Any type of mental stress and tension related to personal or professional problems and the overwhelming stress that is taken as a result of problems that are encountered. In addition to this other reasons that can also contribute to insomnia are uncomfortable sleeping environment which may be too noisy or with too much light. For some people uncomfortable or unusual sleeping environment for example a new hotel room where they are staying may also become a cause for insomnia.
Apart from all these causes and risk factors changes in daily sleeping rhythms and timings or alterations in the work shift timings may also contribute to insomnia.  Moreover the occurrence and subsequent proliferation of the disease in the human body is also facilitated by lifestyle factors which may include smoking and addiction to alcohol, psychopsysiologic factors such as fear and anxiety of related to insomnia and chronic medical illness and reliance on medications may also catalyze the occurrence of the disease. (USA Today, 2010)
Cure of Insomnia through Medications
There are actually two phases through the help and application of which effective cure regarding insomnia can be found. These modes of treatments are named as medicated and non-medicated procedures of diagnosing and treating patients suffering from insomnia. It is misconception to believe that the treatment of insomnia is usually related to having a large number of sleeping pills and because of the fear of administering ample medications many people do not reach to the root cause due to which the sign of the disease prevails within the human body.
First measure used by doctors and medical experts for the treatment of insomnia with the use of medications astoundingly involves the recommendation of alcohol. The reason for such a shocking prescription being that alcohol is self-prescribed as an agent that can induce sleepiness within a person, although the degree of usage of alcohol is limited on a very short scale. It is recommended by doctors to consume a minor amount of alcohol during early evening as it may prove helpful in inducing sleep during those times, but when consumed later in the evening, the subsequent repercussions may have backfire, thus causing difficulty as far as sleep is concerned. However it needs to be kept in mind by medical proficients that the consumption of alcohol is not overly consumed as it may lead to other associated problems at the same time which may in the long run prove to be very discouraging as far as the treatment of insomnia is concerned. A number of antihistamines are also used for the treatment of insomnia which includes diphenhydramine which has a highly sedating effect on the user and can easily induce sleep once administered into the body. (Weiss, 2010)
Along with this there are also other groups of medications such as benzodiapenes which plays a pivotal role in decreasing the time required to fall asleep along with the number of awakenings during the sleeping period, however none of the medications belonging to this special group may be given in excess as they are accompanied with a number of adverse effects upon other areas of the human body which may be in the form of loss of coordination, impaired memory and reduced reaction time. Another group of medical drugs known as Non-benzodiazepines are considered as one of the most effective mode of treatment when dealing with short-term insomnia.
These drugs have a similar impact on sleeping times as benzodiapenes, but are accompanied with low number of side effects and are therefore much more effectual when it comes to dealing with short-term of transitory insomniacs. In addition to these Ramelteon and Melatonin are also used for the treatment of insomnia and much of their action on the human body is concerned with the melatonin receptors of eyes which may help induce sleep in the patient suffering from insomnia. Since depression is one of the major causes behind insomnia, many of the drugs used for the treatment of the disease are also good anti-depressants, these sedating antidepressants out of which trazodone is the prominent one help in diminishing psychiatric problems as a result of which sleep can be induced very easily and without any other side effects for the patient. (USA Today, 2010)
Prevention Strategies of Insomnia through Non-Medication
Coming towards treatment that does not require or involve medications may require and emphasize upon the changes that need to be incorporated in lifestyle routine and nutritional modes in order to prevent the occurrence of insomnia. One of the major efforts depending on this mode of treatment involves alleviation and overwhelming dependency on machines and adopting the habit of doing mechanical work. By keeping the habit of doing work with the help of mechanical means, human body is constantly involved in muscular movement due to which the body undergoes sweating and a sleepy effect is automatically induced on the human body as a result of which probability of suffering from insomnia becomes negligible. (Saunders, 2010)
In addition to these there are other areas also methods through which cure of the disease can be found by using non-medication means; these include abstaining from excessive consumption of stimulating drugs such as caffeine and nicotine, exercise during early morning or at least brisk walk during early morning hours may prove to be extremely beneficial in preventing a person from suffering signs of insomnia. Avoid heavy and oily meals during night and in cases of hunger try to satisfy appetite requirements by having a high content carbohydrate meal. Along with all this there are also additional requirements that the person needs to keep in mind if he is becoming vulnerable to insomnia, this includes avoiding alcohol and increased exposure to sunlight. All these curative prevention strategies will definitely prove helpful in overcoming the adverse and life-disturbing ramifications caused by insomnia. (Szuba and Kloss, 2003)


Therapeutic Treatment of Insomnia
From a therapeutic perspective there are a number of methods that have been proposed in overcoming insomnia. Out of these methods relaxation and cognitive therapy are the most important one. Relaxation therapy is mainly concerned with comprises of techniques and methods through the application of which the patient can help in reducing or eliminating anxiety and tension regarding different affairs and can help in inducing better sleep. Prime goals of cognitive therapy are related to counseling methods and strategies.
This involves making use of advising methodologies through the help of which medical experts can help in making a person understand that taking sleep less than 8 hours is not harmful to health and will not have any substantial or profound repercussions on the mental or physical state of the person the following day, but it is also important to bear in mind that all other components and factors are adhered and followed without any negligence or postponement. (Perlis and Jungquist, 2005)
Conclusion
            In conclusion it would be appropriate to say that by taking proper care of nutritional requirements and taking proper care of dietary manuals cure and prevention from the disease of insomnia can easily be found. Moreover effective cure and elimination of the disease will also comprise of proper compliance with the medical proficient undertaking and supervising the treatment through strict adherence and scrupulously following medical recommendations.  

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