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October 23, 2012

Medieval Art Essay

Medieval art in contrast to our understanding of modern day art did not attempt to reflect personal observation or experience as such it instead tried to portray the tangible reality well grounded in the pre-dominant ideals of God and Church. However, the work of Troubadours and minstrels made an exception by introducing the ideal of courtly love.  In other words, in medieval art we find the preference for formulas and clichés and traditional characters, which explains the hyperbolic depiction of heroes, women, and villains that are always the best or worst.
The worship of women is at the heart of the Middle Ages. Its poetry is presented as a kind of transposition of divine love, a natural grace, and captivating beauty of love. The language of the medieval poetry is crispy. Note that the rondo was very popular in the early thirteenth century, when the choir at the end of each verse is repeated, and intercalated in the middle of each verse. All manifestations of these forms of music and singing and art are to serve God, serve the Lord, and serve the woman. The art forms were used as an attractive vehicle to disseminate information and a little dream in all areas of life.
Musicians were found in every class of society, be they monks and counts, farmers, merchants or priests. There were even some women composers of the music.
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                                               Troubadours and minstrels
   The initiative of this movement in poetry and music has its origins in the south of France. The troubadours and poets, musicians from the north continue to begin the work of the troubadours. This art, especially in the twelfth and thirteenth century, flourished, as its preserved manuscripts show about two hundred songs of the troubadours, and almost two thousand songs of the Troubadours (the singer from St.-Germain, the singer and songwriter of the King of Arras).

These poets verses and sounds, inventor of new forms always with great care,'''' sighing lady, paid tribute to their overlords, written, or sing their native proclaim the glory of God is in the language of the country is in Latin. They are from a plucked string instrument, the "Red " (from the XI century by playing with the bow, viola modified) accompanied, represented a doubling of the melody and found glass windows of cathedrals.
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The love poetry originated in the Provence. It was the noble courts of knightly singers.
The Troubadours united in their songs, two conceptions of love: a Christian, saw the love in an ethical, religious power, and an ancient, stressing the erotic-sexual aspect. The ancient tradition was represented by the so-called vagrants, young cleric, who was studying, but had no prospect of a ministry.

Love poetry varies a narrow circle of motifs and forms. The poems were sung to the flute. This required a strict structure, the verse form of "Canzone": It is divided Situated in the song and the swan song. The Situated Sang is again divided into two parts (studs), and the parts are seen at the rhyme scheme.

Thematically the songs of love included the love letter of a knight on a (married) nobles, the price of their internal and external benefits, the hope of being heard, the complaint about the impossibility of that hope and - related - about the conflict between spiritual love and sensuality.    

 The term "baroque" was used to describe the architectural style of the 17th and 18th century, a building style that does not correspond to the classical rules. First used only for the architecture, the word baroque soon became the style name for all the arts and also for architecture expressed in sensory, cantilevered and extroverted gestures. .  
  The Baroque style created in 1600 in Rome, has its strongest expression of the Baroque in France with its famous examples at the French court of Versailles. The idea of the Baroque is the work of art: i.e. the individual arts of architecture, painting, sculpture and ornament as well as costume, music, gardening, and the ceremony will be brought to the courts in a deliberately designed context.

It influenced the form and appearance of a building construction, painting, and sculpture. The style being exquisitely extroverted contains conscious sense of self representation.
                                           Baroque Church

ListenRead phoneticalDictionaryView detailed dictionaryThe emotionality and expression of the Baroque was approved by Catholic Church in late 16th century which led to many splendid Baroque churches in all Catholic countries.

Also, the absolute ruler of this time used the resources of the Baroque style in order to present themselves and to impress their subjects and rivals.

   The Roman-inspired baroque art (Roman Baroque) is dynamic and dramatic and theatrical, fascinating the eye of the viewer. It uses the Roman baroque excesses, such as plastic, overloaded ornament, illusionistic painting, in the wall and ceiling seem to merge into one another, but also quite strong, monumental columns fronts or curved facades.

Around 1620 (at the beginning of the Baroque), Rome was the artistic center of the West, and remained so until about 1670/80.
The Baroque Palace of Versailles from 1682 was the official seat of the French court of King Louis XIV. Moreover, the baroque residence of the monarch represented the power of the state. The Court of Versailles was the great example for all other royal courts of the Baroque period. Here the idea of the total work of art is realized in all parts The basic concept is the glorification of the Sun King, who represents the state.
The courtyard with its ceremonial architecture, design, painting, sculptures, ornaments, furniture, clothes, gardening, music, festivals and fireworks make a concerted way for designed unit.
Typical of the Baroque are the most frequently used large arched windows and large staircases: display of welcomes the absolute rulers and perfect self-representation of his guests, who ascend to him.
Würzburg Residence located in Germany,  the residence of the Prince-Bishop Franz von Schönborn is a synthesis of various Baroque influences, built by Balthasar Neumann and others It has the most impressive and most famous of the Baroque staircase with frescoes by Tiepolo.

Schloss Sanssouci - Potsdam, near Berlin in 1750 is probably the most famous example of non-French, late courtly Rococo (Late Baroque), built by von Knobelsdorff on behalf of the Prussian king Frederick the Great.


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