Brain Structures and Functions involved in Reading
The human brain is a highly complex and sophisticated organ of the human body. For simplified and convenient conduction of functions related to brain activities neurologists have bifurcated brain into two major portions. These include the left and the right portions of the human mind. Each of the side is specialized in dealing with special and specific kind of functions and activities that influence and help in the phenotypic formation of the individual on the whole. At present our major focus on discussion will be based on the structures and the functions of the human brain that are of particular importance as far as the activity of reading and its understanding is concerned.
Even though it is a well established belief that the right side of the brain is concerned with activities that are novel in nature whereas left hemisphere of the brain is linked to activities that are conducted on routine basis and are basically well-rehearsed, but as far as the activity of reading is concerned there may be an exception in this case. Linear reasoning, linguistic control and language salient features such as grammar and vocabulary are monitored by the left hemisphere of the brain. Some of the important brain parts that are used in the reading and other related activities are encompassed in the Wernicks’ area of the Cerebral Cortex. This part of the brain helps in the effective decoding of the language that is being read out and also helps in the processing of words, its grammar and vocabulary in order to bring out a proper and clear reason of the text that is being read. (Class Jump, 2010)
Apart from the reading activities and the brain parts that coordinate with each other to construct and exemplify reading as a healthy activity, there are a number of children who because of some sort of neurological disorder can face immense difficulties in developing and understanding the reading material. In majority of the cases children lack the ability of creating a proper picture and vision in their mind imagination about the object that they are reading or studying about. On top of that their academic woes and grievances take a much dangerous shape when this disorder is not taken seriously by either the teaching faculty of the educational institute or the parents as both of them believe that either the child is not investing proper time in his studies or is becoming increasingly lethargic as far as academics is concerned pushing the child into a state of complete nightmare.
Astounding, it may sound but the problem of dyslexia can be overcome in many convenient ways. Many institutes have launched reading programs that have been designed to cater the needs and requirements of children suffering from dyslexic disorder. Such reading exercises mainly focus on poems or phrases of words that rhyme with each other. These programs need to be conducted on periodical basis so that this inability can be overcome in a proper and effective way. In addition to this parental support also plays a pervasive part when it comes to problems faced by dyslexic children. They must consult their pediatrician and speech and language pathologist on regular basis in order to devise an effectual way for handling the entire problem (Shaywitz, 2010)