The age of Renaissance or rebirth is referred to as one of the most fascinating periods of European History that began in the 14th century and lasted for more than 300 years resulting in the complete transformation of the economic, religious and social visage of the entire continent on the permanent basis.
It was this age when the entire continent began to show signs of rejuvenating from the adverse repercussions and the disastrous effects that the Crusade had left upon them. It was primarily the Western European region of the continent that was overwhelmingly influenced by this pre-dominantly cultural movement that facilitated and paved way for a civilizing and eco-political revolution in all these countries.
One of the most key developments that took place during the age of Renaissance was the gradual proliferation and dissemination of educational reforms in the entire continent which manifested its effectiveness in subsequently preceding years upon the arrival of the age of Enlightment.
An important feature without which the discussion on the age of renaissance in Europe cannot be completed is the massive contribution of arts and artists in this age. The discussion on the age of renaissance would be futile if the roles played by the key stakeholders of this entire age are not analyzed in detail irrespective of the field they belonged to.
In addition to this the entire process of self-awareness was further catalyzed by the increasing influence and dissemination of education as European people by the help of works of Livy and Seneca could access the works and researches conducted by Greek and Arabic scholars and thus were also able to innovate something new out of the discoveries that had been discovered.
It was this key reason, which actually established the strong foundation of the development that was later viewed in all unlike social and political sectors in different countries of the continent, hence with the accessibility and availability of quality education which in turn generated a curiosity of exploring, researching and discovering more garnered frontiers of prosperity.
During the course of our discussion we would be shedding light upon the works of the two greatest artists that have made their mark in the artistic history of Europe with their magnificent painting of Adam and Eve. One which was made Albretech Durer from Germany and the other was the famous Italian painter Titian. (Barturm, 2002)
Considering Albretech first, he made the painting of Adam and Eve in the year 1507 which is basically an extension of the copper engraving that he had earlier made in the year 1504. Contrary to popular belief the painting is not a single unit but is in fact a pair of paintings which has been made on oil paint panel by the artist.
It was during his second trip to Italy that Durer basically acquired the skill of defining forms in completely new ways and methods as during this age Italy and its cities were considered as the bastion and institutes of art that defines it on a contemporary scale. The painting that Durer then made was in the form of full nude scale of portraying Adam and Eve in his painting. The painting was not displayed publicly until 1833.
By making use of oil on panel techniques Durer is able to project the different technicalities of the painting in a very effective manner. The clarity of the human body parts, its finishing each of which provides us a feeling that a pure genius hand has made the painting. Moreover even though he has painted both Adam and Eve as nude but he does not show them either intending to or engaging in a sexual act. (Landau and Parshall, 1996)
On the other hand if the same painting by Titian is analyzed with the same criterions and assessment methodology we will come to realize that there are a couple of highly visible differences that can be detected.
The painting that was made in the early 16th century pinpoints some prominent differences. The painting that has been made by Titian is considered as one of earliest pieces of Adam and Eve in religious as well as artistic history. The painting has thus inspired a number of other painters not only from Europe but from artists all over the world to depict and paint as to what early humans in the form of Adam and Eve would have looked like.
One of the major differences that can easily be pinpointed between the two paintings is that the Adam that has been presented by Titian seems much more haggard and old whereas the one that has been made by Durer is clean shaved and seems much more handsome.
Even though one can say that the inception of the idea behind the creation of Adam and Eve in the form of art and painting was first performed by Italian artists, but the creativity and further innovation in the work must be accredited to German artists like Durer. In both of the paintings the common element that can be pointed out is the presence of the fruit which has more carefully and in depth explained by Titian by including the presence of a child that lies on the top of a tree and is offering a fruit to both of them. In comparison to this the painting made by Durer even though perfect from an artistic perspective falls short as far as the explanation and the decryption of the message by the work is concerned.
Even though he also includes the fruit in the painting but at the same time by painting both of them separately he losses the charm and an element that could have proved very captivating in defining the message of the painting, according to many art critiques the presence of the child by Titian reflect and symbolizes the sexual attraction and attachment between Adam and Eve.
This can further be cemented by the action and arm movement of Adam as it has been painted by Titian who is shown touching the breast of Eve indicating that the occurrence of a sexual act was almost imminent.
On the other hand Durer presents the couple in a more romantic manner yearning for each other and hence they avert in engaging in such an act. Some critiques also say that a major purpose of painting both of them differently by Durer was primarily because to avoid such an erotic activity between the two. (Walter, 1973)