THE STUDY OF PERSONALITY
The study of any person or personality is the branch of psychology that is also known as Personality psychology or personology. It is the thorough study of the selected human being. The study of the person is itself not an easy task, it is complicated one, because the human personality portrays different behavior in different situations. These different factors and situations included e.g. environment, weather, health, education, perceptions and the socio-economic conditions etc, (mostly of them are uncontrollable) and all have their own impacts on the human personality. Therefore, these are the complexities and challenges that are the part and parcel of the study of personality domain. (Boeree, 2010)
To study the personality, different theories have been developed like Trait theories, Type theories, Psychoanalytic theories, Behaviorist theories, Social cognitive theories, Humanistic theories and Biopsychological theories etc; still this journey is in progress.
During that journey of development, different approach(s) emerged like the Biological approach that suggests that genetics are the catalyst to develop or destruct any particular personality. The research on the heritability issue revealed a new concept that is; there is the connection between the personality and genetics. The well known biological theorists Mr. Hans Eysenck linked the different aspects of personality with the biological process. According to him the introverts has comparatively higher cortical arousal than to extroverts that give the advantage to lead them to avoid stimulation. (Cherry, 2010)
After that discussion, the two issues that are selected for further study, belong to Behaviorist theories, these two issues are the environmental and the individual factors that are the key factors that significantly impact on the personality.
The reason to choose these specific two issues is the impressive ideas of two behavioral theorists, B. F. Skinner and Albert Bandura that are following:
"People with high assurance in their capabilities approach difficult tasks as challenges to be mastered rather than as threats to be avoided."(Bandura, 1925-04)
“The consequences of behavior determine the probability that the behavior will occur again". (Skinner, 1904-90)