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January 15, 2013

Research Paper on Principles of Management and Leading


Principles of Management
Leadership is essential for managers, especially with globalization and decentralization of decision-making power of managers in medium and large businesses. This mechanism of globalization ensures that the ability to conduct a business without having in hand the power to rally and bring people together and direct them to one direction would be almost impossible. Steve Jobs is a great example of a leader in his field and is able to delegate leadership to others, "When you hire really good people you have to give them a piece of the business and let 'em run with it ..."(Alan, 2001) The effectiveness of the method used by the leader in a particular situation may vary according to circumstances. The leadership has in common with the beauty that it is recognized easily, but that it is difficult to define. Some define leadership as the function of guide and influence others and lead them to achieve ambitious goals. For others, the leader is a coach that trains individuals to assist others in performing their duties.
The character of Steve Jobs is the epitome of self-made man and the American Dream. He launched a company that revolutionized the modern world in the garage of his parents in his youth. For without the Apple II and, above all, the Macintosh, with its mouse and the interface "user friendly", the microcomputer would not so rapidly pervade every aspect of our lives. Jobs was the one who had this vision and his management style played a massive role in making his ideas successful.
Steve Jobs is known for his talents as a visionary but also on management style and leadership and Napoleonic tyranny. This aspect is touched upon by Fortune. The magazine focuses against by the fact that Jobs does not run Apple for power, glory or money. He does it because he feels close to "change the world." He wants to improve the human condition with technologies that make life easier, and make the nice way. And he wants to do with Apple, literally his first love. (John, 2002)

                                                                  A true visionary
Steve Jobs is known to be a charismatic leader. But few people know he has a rare ability of strategic thinking based on a vision about right for the future and a manic propensity for detail. The man hates the "focus groups" and considers himself the sole judge of what the consumer wants. He even believes he knows better than consumers themselves. Jobs, on the other hand, puts his nose all over his business. He would dwell on minute details. He spent several weeks to refine the buttons and slide controls of the X and his team of programmers, up delaying its launch. He will play for weeks with the light of its future MACSTOR to get one that will best capitalize on its computers and other gadgets, as if they were pictures of magazine.
Steve Jobs, we know, was kicked out of his own company by the CEO that he had recruited from Pepsi to get back on track, as Apple was suffering from competition from PC and operating system Windows. And the firm was heavily compromised by the failure of his latest gadget, the Newton, Palm bloated never found its audience.
He took the opportunity to start Next Computer, another failure, especially the Pixar studios. They are known for such films as "Toy Story" and "Where's Nemo," among the most successful film of all time. Steve Jobs was the only outsider to Hollywood to be successful. After returning to Apple as the savior, he sold Pixar to Disney for 7G USD in 2004, suddenly becoming a member of the Board of Directors of Disney and its largest individual shareholder. His fortune is now estimated at 5 billion USD.
Aggressive and demanding personality of Steve Jobs has been heavily commented. Fortune magazine wrote that "it is considered the greatest egotist of Silicon Valley". Comments about his temperament and style can be found in The Little Kingdom, a book by Michael Moritz, one of the few authorized biographies of Steve Jobs. These include biographies as prohibited Steve Jobs: The Journey Is the Reward, The Second Coming of Steve Jobs or iCon: Steve Jobs. In iCon: Steve Jobs, the authors point out that Paul Jobs, who adopted Steve, is also known for being aggressive.(Lee, 2010)
Steve Jobs Apple has always wanted to be a major company of information technology and industry, and that by providing and setting market trends, at least in terms of innovation and style. He sums up his idea at the end of the Macworld Conference & Expo in January 2007 citing the former hockey player Wayne Gretzky:
"It's an old Wayne Gretzky quote I love:" I skate to where the puck is going to be, not where it was. "And we have always tried to do that at Apple. From the very beginning. And we always will. "(Caddes,2000)


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