The human social services provide services dedicated to meet social needs. They aim to ensure social rights expressed in law or in other forms, which can meet the social needs of people, and promote social cohesion and solidarity. They exist in France for a long time but the French doctrine and case law does distinguish between public social services as a special category because they were traditionally organized into business processes administrative law. Social services have evolved considerably in the twentieth century. They became more and their management is often carried out by methods of private law with the increasing involvement of private organizations.
Everyone has the right to a standard of living adequate for the health and well-being of himself and his family, including food, clothing, housing, medical care and necessary social services; and the right to security in the event of unemployment, sickness, disability, widowhood, old age or other lack of livelihood in consequence of circumstances beyond his control. (Universal Declaration of Human Rights, art. 25)
Everyone, as a member of society has the right to social security and is entitled to realization of economic, social and cultural rights indispensable for his dignity and the free development of his personality, thanks to the efforts National and international cooperation, given the organization and resources of each country. (Universal Declaration of Human Rights, art. 22)
Poor health that destroys livelihoods, reduces worker productivity, lessened the ability to study the possibilities and limits, breeds poverty and contribute to aggravate it. But often, it is also the result, to the extent that poverty can restrict access to medical care, lead to increased exposure to environmental hazards and promote malnutrition. (Engstrom, 2004)
Human services are social services provided directly to society in order to meet their needs in employment, fitness, shelter, education, social security and care. These services are usually regulated and financed by public authorities at national, regional or local level, but may be the responsibility of the public sector, private organizations, community and third sector.
Over the past decade, these services have been subject to extensive reform and modernization, focusing on: costs, increased coordination of services and responsiveness to user needs. If the goal of human services is to offer people a roof, it is also to guide them towards a personal and social autonomy that includes help in family conflict, debt, addiction, job loss, prison. Pitfalls to explain their presence are as diverse as specialist skills that enable them to regain confidence and to consider a new course of life. (Woodside, 2005)
Multidisciplinary team of professionals including educators, social workers, psychologists, community workers, counselors and family social economy, housewives, workers home day and night help in providing these human services.
The research of the Foundation focuses on the impact of initiatives to improve both quality customer service on the working conditions of staff. It examines in particular the improvement of services to meet the needs of user groups with multiple needs (adults with mental illness, adults with learning disabilities, frail elderly, young long-term unemployed).
Benefits assume the existence of a system of care and protection accessible, acceptable and of good quality. Therefore, the right to health implies that there is in the land of facilities, goods and services of public health and medical care available in sufficient quantity and that work. They must also be accessible to all without discrimination. Accessibility means: physical accessibility, affordability and accessibility of information. This means the right to seek, receive and disseminate information on health issues, but it affects the right to privacy of personal health. "Affordability" means the facilities, goods and services are affordable for all. (Kaniasty, 2005)
Under international law on human rights, the general right to health embraces a number of more specific rights, namely the right to maternal and child health and reproductive health, the right to live and work in a healthy environment, the right to prevention and treatment of diseases and the right of access to facilities, goods and services in health.
For almost two decades, the policy of spending on social sectors in developing countries raises critical. At the macroeconomic level, some accuse the government to devote fewer resources to the areas of education and health due to the persistence of budget deficits and the difficulties that these countries are having to increase tax revenues. In addition, the problem seems not only related to the insufficient volume of expenditure but an inefficient allocation of financial resources. While some developing countries actually spend little in the social services of education and health, while others spend as much or more than developed countries. The problem is that poor countries spend a larger share of their resources to basic social services, including education showed poor results compared to rich countries.
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