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July 28, 2013

Essay on Use of Force

Use of force
The use of force is necessary for the implementation of law and to ensure the security conditions. However the law enforcement agencies must understand the two kinds of forces. These forces are the non-deadly and deadly force. Mostly it is recommended to police officers to use the non-deadly force and avoid the deadly force until there is no other option is left. The concept behind the use of non-deadly force is that it is a reasonable force. The non-deadly force is allowed to use only when there is a sure calamity of death or injury. In United States the Supreme Court has bound the use of deadly force by the police officers. This decision was taken on the basis of mishap that took place when a police officer named Tennessee V garner shot a suspected thief (Larry K. Gaines, Roger LeRoy Miller, 2009).
         Police officers are trained to fire on the suspects to stop them from escape not shot them to death. This incident caused the court to implement a new order in which police officers are only allowed to fire if they found an immense situation that can cause a loss of life or damage. This order was implemented in 23 states, still giving the chance to police officers to shot in case of threat of serious loss. The police are allowed to change his decisions in case of breakage of legal rules and regulations. Afterward court decided that the officer’s decision should be based on the “reasonableness of the moment”. The rule was later on modified in 2004 according to this new modification the action of police officer is reasonable if the protection of the surrounding area is not needed. Since the suspects always defend themselves so the use of force especially the deadly force is inevitable. In order to avoid any mishap from the deadly force, many nonlethal weapons have been introduced in police departments. These nonlethal weapons can not cause any serious injury. The use of oleoresin capsicum, tear gas, water cannons and pistols that uses wood, rubber, beanbags polyurethane bullets is common among enforcement agencies to prevent the escape of suspects. But these weapons cannot give surety of safety that is why the use of tasers has been increased (Larry K. Gaines, Roger LeRoy Miller, 2009).
    Tasers are the guns that are electronic stuns. These guns are capable of firing blunt darts up to the distance of twenty five feet. These bullets carry 50,000 volts which remains in the body of their target for about five seconds. It is reported that taser is now being used by more than seven thousand law enforcement departments and police departments. They support the use of taser so that the possibility of calamity can be reduced. A low possibility of serious injury by the use of taser is still there since one twenty seven cases have been observed until 2006 which is much lower than mishaps that were cause by the use of previous nonlethal weapons. There are people who are against the use of taser they comment that it can cause death of the people especially those who have a weak heart (Larry K. Gaines, Roger LeRoy Miller, 2009).
      The safety of the use of taser guns are now in consideration due to the critics point on its safety concern.  However, according to taser international the use of taser is absolutely safe. During 2001 to 2008 it is reported that the use of taser have caused around one hundred and thirty four cases of death in United States. Some of the agencies demand to cease the use of taser until the further study and implementation to prevent the mishap from its use. These agencies say that the taser should be demonstrated in one of the police officer to ensure the safety of its use. It should be testified in real life situation. But the death caused by the incidents in which taser is used is little confusing since there has proof that the death was caused by taser. The bills and legislations that have been passed have requested for more study on the use of taser. Regardless of these critics on the use of taser, a report by US justice department found no injury in the majority cases in which the taser is used to prevent the suspect from escape in July 2005 to June 2007. A research program lead by a university found that 99.7 percent of cases suffered a light injury like wounds or scraps whereas only three cases were there in which a serious injury took place and the death was not because of taser. While in Canada a scrutiny is taking place to find out a better option to prevent accident by the use of taser after a sad incident of life loss a polish immigrant. Due to these circumstances in 2009 the developers suggests the use of taser below the chest so that the probability of death can be minimized (Kären M. Hess, Christine Hess Orthmann, 2010).
Preventive argument:
The most preventive argument against the use of device is the action of the manufacturer who proposed a warning on the use of taser on the chest so that the heart can be prevented from any accident. There are also some arguments that were thrown by public and different agencies that the police officers should be trained in real situations (Mark W. Kroll, 2009).
Linear use of force continuum:
I agree with the placement of taser in the linear use of force continuum. The use of taser or any nonlethal weapon should be subjected on the criticality of the situation. Linear use of force continuum provides the satisfactory statement for the use of taser (Mark W. Kroll, 2009).
Effectiveness:
The use of taser according to the linear use of force continuum is not effective in the case where it can cause death or in the case of when the subject is use to of drug use. The taser is harmful to those who are weak hearted or those who are less immune due to the use of drugs (Mark W. Kroll, 2009).
Mishaps and my opinion:
The mishaps caused by taser may affect my opinion since I m against situations which threat the loss of life and I suggest more studies and research to lower down the probability of deaths due to its use. Another option should be provided to law enforcement agencies to ensure better security with low possibility of accident (Mark W. Kroll, 2009).



References:
Kären M. Hess, Christine Hess Orthmann, 2010. Criminal Investigation.  Delmar.
Mark W. Kroll, 2009. Taser conducted electrical weapons: physiology, pathology, and law. Springer.

Larry K. Gaines, Roger LeRoy Miller, 2009. Criminal Justice in Action.  Thomson.

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