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July 8, 2013

History Essay on Florence Nightingale

Florence Nightingale rejected the role expected of a woman of her time and contributed to the improvement and development of health reform, nursing and public health. The wealthy parents of Florence Nightingale spent two years traveling on an extended honeymoon and she got her name from the famous city of her birth. Florence was educated at home by her father. She excelled in mathematics, particularly statistics and visual presentation of information. She was expected to make a "good marriage" and live the life of a woman of her status. The young Florence, however, rebelled against the stereotypical role required of her. A call from God who asked him to do his work supported her conviction. At that time, she did not know what the job would entail.
Florence began caring for those less fortunate, visiting the sick and the poor in small villages and hospitals. After a public outcry fueled by the death of a poor, she became influential in improving care in nursing. This work attracted the attention of Charles Villiers, chairman of the Poor Law Board and the activities of Florence contributed to the significant reform of the Poor Laws ( Embley, 1999).
Florence trained as a nurse in Germany and Paris, despite the fierce objections of her family. Her chosen path was considered inappropriate for a woman of her status and education. In October 1854, Florence was sent to a British military base in the Crimea. She took 38 volunteers with and another nurse she had trained. They were appalled by the conditions in which they found the wounded soldiers that made Florence immediately set about on cleaning and reorganization of the hospital. However, only the improvement of defective sewerage and ventilation systems helped greatly in reducing the mortality rate in the camp. That is where Florence was awarded the nickname "Lady of the Lamp" as she made her tour of neighborhoods. She later established the Royal Commission on the health of the army and produced a report, which reformed the medical care provided.
On her return from the Crimean War, Florence raised fund with which she established the first institute of nursing education. Before this, nurses received very little formal training and were more likely to cook. The first of these institutions were created in London. Meanwhile, Florence wrote and published "Notes on nursing" a book that defined "what has been a nurse and what is not." This text later helped in shaping the formal curriculum and training program in nursing. It has since been translated into a number of foreign languages ​​and is still in print today. Florence herself was personally involved in training nurses, providing supervision, guidance, and support. She founded the Nightingale School and Home for Nurses at St. Thomas Hospital, London in 1860, which was first of its kind. The aim of the school was to produce nurses who could train others. The following year, she established a training school for midwives at King's College Hospital. She also contributed greatly to the development of hospital planning and administration and held a firm belief that the dirty conditions and poor ventilation leads to increased infection and thus morbidity.
Her vision completely changed the approach of society for nursing. She felt it was important to take care of a person's health, physical and mental health, and disease, an idea well ahead of its time. Her voice was strong and it has been an effective advocate on a number of important health issues, particularly for trained nursing and preventive health care with good hygiene. She was extremely convincing and through her contacts in government, she influenced public policy and positive outcomes of health care reforms.
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