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August 3, 2013

Essay on Concept of God in Christianity, Judaism and Islam


Concept of God in Christianity, Judaism and Islam

Christians, Jews, and Muslims are the firm believers of God’s existence and His worshippers. For them, the God is the only ultimate reality. Therefore, these religions are commonly known as Abrahamic religions because they trace their roots to the covenant God made with Abraham in the Hebrew Bible.   
   As Jews, Christians, and Muslims endorses the fact that they are similar in the important sense because they only worship God. Their scriptures (Bible, Koran, and Jewish Bible) substantiate this belief as what God had said in Bible (former scripture) was reiterated in Koran (latter scripture).   Thus we read in the Koran in which Allah(Muslims’ God) says:
"We believe in what was sent down to us, and we believe in that which is revealed to you  was sent by our God and our God is One, and  we surrender ourselves to His will” (29:45)
     We read: "Verily We have revealed to you how we Noah and the prophets after him
have revealed. And We revealed to Abraham, Ishmael, Isaac, Jacob, the tribes (of Israel), Jesus, Job, Jonah, Aaron, and Solomon, and We have been a Zabur David (Psalms 4.163) 
If it is the Allah of the Koran Who inspired the Hebrew prophets and directly spoke with Moses and later inspired Jesus inspired, it means the worship of the god of this
earlier revelations was obviously the worship of Allah of the Koran. This is the most obvious similarity that is found upon analysis of Holy Scriptures.
       Because the idea of God found in each of the three traditions are both a  universal aspect of God with the whole world and all humanity brings into relationship and a special each aspect of God especially to an individual or a specific historical group is related. Each tradition speaks of God as the only Creator of heaven and earth wants to say as the Creator of all things except God himself, it is evident that there can be only one such creature.
     Thus, the Jewish and Christian Scripture begins with the statement: "In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth."(Gen. 1:1) The statement is further validated in a similar way in Koran" Verily, your Lord is Allah, who created the heavens
and the earth in six days "(10:3).
Each tradition treats God as the Supreme Being and as the One who is righteous, merciful, graceful, and forgiving.

   As for the differences, the God of Judaism in his particular aspect as YHWH of the Hebrew Bible clearly the God of the Jews, which is in a unique relationship with his chosen people, with the He has made a special covenant. The Prophet Amos proclaims the Lord's words: "you
but I have chosen before all the families of the earth "(Amos 3:2). The LORD of the Torah is therefore aware that there are other nations. But he assigns in his devotion to the children of Israel.
    On the other hand, Jesus Christ is an incarnate Son of God who was sent to guide the humanity.  The concept of trinity consisting of God the Father, God the Son and God
Holy Spirit is clearly contrary to Islamic and Jewish scripture. 

Finally, the Allah of Islam differs in its specific aspect in which he and the
Arab society of the 7th Century AD come into relationship, an idea quite dissimilar to Jehovah of Judaism and of the Holy Trinity of Christianity.



References

Corrigan, John (1998) Readings in Judaism, Christianity, and Islam Prentice Hall

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