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September 14, 2013

Essay on Good Socio Economic System

A good socio-economic system
In order to understand and come up with a good socio-economic system, one must return to the philosophical and ethical foundations of the soioeconomic structure. It should be pointed out that in any context be it organization or a country, the economic activities are an expression of prevailing economic systems that also mirrors the manners, customs, traditions and all ethical and cultural features of the society.
So basically these manners, customs, traditions, and ethical traits (social philosophy) that we analyze are always likely to pose serious problems to the formation of a good socio-economic system. The economic behavior of individuals is primarily a cultural behavior, obeying a certain number of rules and ethical principles. 

  The economic system should be in harmony with the cultural system based on ethics such as social philosophy and world view, sanctifying human life and guided primarily by the quest for social justice, harmony between individuals (love). Thus, truth, love, and justice shape up a good socio-economic system. They are the centerpiece.(Richard, 1995)
  
            In its economic system, indeed, isolation and individualism should be excluded as the man should only be part of a social harmony. The individuals treated fairly according to their behavior and roles in the society will lead to a situation in which they will live in harmony with each other and the environment and nature. The system of general and special education should be imbued with the general collectivism based on the principle of love, equality, and justice. The strong and influential people should assist those weak and resource less.  That is to say that the basis for productive activity and relationships that develop between individuals as a result of the process of production, exchange, is not the purpose of winning an absolute maximum, as in the capitalist system, but the purpose of gaining compatibility with the preservation of the material life of all members of society. This aim, which derives from the sacredness of human life, does not mean that the pursuit of gain is prohibited; only that it must be compatible with the requirements of preservation of the material life of all members of society and must be subject to these requirements. 

            This is one of the cornerstones of the organization of a good socio-economic development. For example, the hereditary caste occupation should be intended to mitigate competition and to guarantee every individual the means of subsistence, to correct the injustices of natural selection during the "struggle for life": the strong must not crush the weak, to correct social injustice in general, secure life.(David, 1991)
The ethical treatment of economic system should not result in the absolute rejection of such a system and its implementation should lead to the rule of dictatorship or the monopoly of certain corporation as we have seen in today’s globalized and highly capital-centric world. 

   Indeed, the ethical foundation of western capitalism is the natural order (natural law   : understanding natural selection) and individualism: each individual must seek his own interests, and doing it that individuals are 
more useful to each other and to the whole society, if one believes the capitalist ideology. So it's "every man for himself and God for all" also the initiative and responsibility of the individual rise to the level of moral justification that everyone can pursue the goal of absolute maximum gain. This economic system is finally characterized by the cult of competition and therefore emulation. That is why economists call it a free market economy. (George, 1970)

            Thus, the pre-colonial African economic system and the capitalist economic system was based on two Western cultures, social philosophies and world views. However, they coexisted within black African society today.However, although black Africans today are torn between the two systems under consideration, the pattern remains the dominant cultural system of precolonial African economic system even though it is more or less altered. For this reason, it is in the provisions of this socio-economic organization to look for the primary source of a number of current problems of the society.

                            
The socio-economic that we adopt must have an inherent ability to strike the balance between the rich and the opulent, also the order, justice and security should characterized the socio- economic system. These characteristics undoubtedly reflect the success of the economic and social model. 
   However, some of the mechanisms on which it is based, among which the caste system of hereditary occupations and philosophical foundations, tend to condemn the decline of any socio-econmic system sooner or later. Unquestionably, however, the organization in hereditary caste occupations should be accompanied by the principle of mutual assistance, support from the strong to weak, correcting the injustices of the natural order and secure life. 
To some degree, in fact, insecurity, anxiety, uncertainty and the vagaries of the near and distant future and so on can still exist and may not be fully eliminated. But it should be made sure that the wretched individuals in the society should be supported by others and they must have nothing to fear for their lives. The reverse, however, can have adverse effects giving way to different sources of problems. It should at all costs be ensured that the people are treated farily and justly. The downtrodden people should not be compelled to suffer from the gross injustices taking place due to the economic inequity. Welfare state should come into place through the imnplementation of the socio-economic system.   

    Indeed, securing life completely, eliminating the anguish caused by hazards, uncertainty of the future, the assistant to the weak and strong mutual support eventually eliminates future concerns of the less privileged people of the society. They now have very little concern for the future, and make very few expectations on their socio-economic development of medium and long term and remain concerned with the present time where the life of poo continues to move in the right direction.
The hereditary caste occupation, because it leads to create an economy and society of monopolies, should be suppressed ensuring that competition is one of the fundamental factors of progress, understood that push forward the economy and society.Every man should have an equal opportunity to excel in the society irrespective of his caste, creed, and social status.
Thus, in the long term, over the centuries and millennia, with education resulting from this monopoly environment, jealousy and envy will replace the emulator and start to gradually erode the company: the behavior will then become : when you do better than me I'll try to stop you from advancing, rather than trying to overcome you. The remnants of such monopolistic behavior that is a veritable tomb of development are only too visible in the black African societies today. 

 Slavery affects historically the most vulnerable populations and children first. The fate of the abandoned child and often led to slavery in Mesopotamia and later in Greece and Rome. 
In the past two ancient civilizations, the exhibition right authorized the abandonment of a child, usually before a public building, a temple for example. The foster child was subject to the whim of his benefactor and rarely could escape slavery. 
When he was not abandoned, the child may also be sold. Contracts of sale of children, dating from the Third Dynasty of Ur, that the practice appeared to be widespread among civilizations. The slavery has now changed its form and shape in modern day setting.
Debt bondage is a way to repay a debt by providing direct work rather than money or property. 
 Often leading to forced labor, bonded labor is equated to slavery in many countries and by certain international conventions, particularly with regard to child labor.  
  The system of bonded labor still exists today, although officially banned in national legislation in India has abolished debt bondage in 1975, under the leadership of Indira Gandhi and Pakistan passed a law to that effect in 1992, yet these remain poorly enforced laws. 
 It is found especially in Nepal with the Kamaiya system in Nepal in such systems, parents may place a child at 7 or 8 years to work at the factory to get a loan or pay off debts.  
The best known examples of bonded labor are Nepal, Pakistan and India in the latter country, the practice is widespread in agriculture and industries of the cigarette, or silk carpets, and especially for the Dalits. 
 Debtors, regardless of the country, are frequently the poorest ethnic minorities, lower castes, landless peasants. One study examined the lives of thousands of children working in carpet industry and described 
Kidnapped, displaced or placed by their parents for small sums of money. Most of them are being held captive, tortured and forced to work 20 hours a day without a break. 
These small children must squat on their toes, from dawn to dusk each day, severely handicapping their growth. Social activists in this area are unable to work because of control close to that of a mafia exercised by the managers of weaving. 
Other similar situations are found in Brazil with sugar cane plantations and charcoal. In 1993, children aged 4 had been delayed at work in cotton farms in ParanĂ¡. 
  The modern form of slavery in form of child labor is detrimental to the socio-economic system and must be abolished forcefully in order to come up with a good socio-economic system where the child is treated as child not as a source of income or debt.











References
Richard Bonney (1995), Economic Systems and State Finance, 680 pp.
David W. Conklin (1991), Comparative Economic Systems, Cambridge University Press, 427 pp.
George Sylvester Counts (1970), Bolshevism, Fascism, and Capitalism: An Account of the Three Economic Systems.



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