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September 23, 2013

Essay on Iron

An iron play a vital role in human body, due to the iron human’s blood is red. The cells of blood have vast amount of hemoglobin, the red oxygen causes to transport protein of blood. Hemoglobin is in red color and has heam that binds oxygen and takes it to the tissues. The dearth of red blood cells causes Anemia
Human muscles have a red iron consist of protein that is called myoglobin that stores oxygen for muscles contraction. A human body has a total of 3 to 5 g or iron. Hemoglobin tenders 65 percent of this iron and approximately 30 percent occurs as ferritin, the storage complex is found in the spleen, liver and bone marrow.
Iron plays several roles. It is need to oxidize fuels for the production of energy needed to maintain the function of tissue. Iron works in cytochromes and mitochondrial enzymes that burn carbohydrate as well as fat to make ATP the cell chemical energy currency
Connective Tissues are such a matrix that holds tissues and cells together. Enzymes containing Iron form the formation of the structural proteins collagen and elating necessary for the formation of the connective tissue.
Iron is needed for synthesis, neurotransmitters serotonin and norepinephrine. Neurotransmitters are chemicals that allow nerve impulses between nerve cells off.Iron is inevitable to brain function because it supplies blood cells with oxygen. Brain spends about 20 percent of blood oxygen.
The hemoglobin is a part of iron which gives red shade and its core function is formation of hemoglobin.
Iron is needed for muscles for it supplies oxygen required for muscles contraction. The most necessary benefits of iron is to carry oxygen from one body cell for other. Neurotransmitters are vital for human neurons and brain. Iron assists along with synthesis of essential neurotransmitters for instance as dopamine, serotonin and nor epinephrine. Iron strengthens body immune system and it is confronted to infection and ailments attack human body. Iron also makes concentration so that people can work and learn effectively. Iron brings improvement in sleep and it is beneficial in insomnia treatment. It is also helpful in treatment when women have deficiency of blood during pregnancy.
Iron is so important that the deficiency of iron can affect badly on the body. Symptoms of iron deficiency are related to symptoms of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).  (Domellof, 2007)That guided many researchers and showed the ways to speculate whether iron supplements could help kids with ADHD who have the deficiency of iron. Some researches done in the field of medical science suggest iron may help children with the less amount of iron in the body. However, iron can be toxic in children who have normal levels of iron. We all have to be careful giving the iron medication to the children and should not give iron supplements to a child without your doctor's direction.
Iron deficiency is a important health problem in growing children because their bodies need a good amount of iron to grow and develop well. Iron supplements are from recommended by health care providers time to time. The doctors give iron supplements to infants or children under 18 unless under the supervision of a doctor.

Available Forms of iron
Ferrous sulfate is the most common type of iron supplement. Other obtainable forms of iron include ferrous fumarate, ferrous succinate, ferrous gluconate, ferrous lactate, ferrous glutamate, ferric ammonium citrate, and ferrous glycine. In severe cases of anemia from low levels of iron, or if there is rapid blood loss leading to iron deficiency, iron and blood will be administered intravenously (IV) in a hospital. (Scheburt, 1957)
Possible side effects
The most common  side effects of iron consumption is the stomach supplements having worry and distress in life , vomiting ,  constipation and indigestion are some more common problems which are faced due to iron consumption.
Documented toxic effects when taken with other medications
Iron overload disease is usually due to an inherited condition called hemochromatosis and because of the intake of iron with other medication. But it may take place in the patients who take a large quantity of iron over a long period of time.  The Symptoms of these side effects include skin marks, diabetes, and severe abnormality of liver like the abnormal size of live or the liver damage, among other possible complications.
Additionally Intravenous (IV) iron, given in a hospital to treat severe anaemia, can lead to headache, fever, swollen lymph nodes, painful joints, hives, and worsening of rheumatoid arthritis. In rare instances it can cause a life-threatening allergic reaction known as anaphylaxis. (Tylecote,1992)

Domellof M. Iron requirements, absorption and metabolism in infancy and childhood. Curr Opin Clin Nutr Metab Care. 2007;10(3):329
H. R. Schubert, History of the British Iron and Steel Industry ... to 1775 AD (Routledge, London, 1957)

R. F. Tylecote, History of Metallurgy (Institute of Materials, London 1992).


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