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September 15, 2013

Essay on Preventing Heart Attack

Preventing Heart Attack
In order to develop a better understanding towards the different ways in which heart diseases and attacks can be prevented it is important that the causes due to which such diseases occur are also considered. Heart attack or myocardial infarction as it is commonly referred to in biological terminology is the disease through which the heart of an organism becomes weak and is thus not able to function properly. This weakness of the heart muscles makes it susceptible to various attacks and other threats which with the passage of time can turn life-threatening and even fatal if not diagnosed at the right time. Apart from all other aspects of discussion it is also important that the need for conducting this study is also realized. 
Heart diseases today remain one of the greatest reasons of mortality in developed as well as underdeveloped countries. According to the statistics that have been disclosed by the American Heart Association it has been estimated that in the year 2006 over 81,100,000 in the country are suffering from one or more than one form of heart diseases. Out of this over 73,600,000 are suffering from high blood pressure and will most likely develop heart diseases in coming time.(Mallinson,2010) More astounding is the whopping number of 17,600,000 who are currently experiencing signs and symptoms related to Coronary Heart diseases and are most likely to undergo or experience either their first angina or heart attack within a very short span of time. Out of all these there are over 8,500,000 who have already experienced a heart attack whereas the figure with angina pectoris is 10,200,000. Such astronomical figures that threaten the life of people increases the magnitude of the gravity of this issue to unprecedented levels and therefore cardiologists all over the world are devising strategies and work plan exercises through which it can be curbed or alleviated suitably. Some of the prominent researches and surveys along with interviews that have been conducted with different heart disease experts over the passage of time have produced a couple of reasons to which the occurrence of heart attack can be attributed. According to proficient heart specialists one of the prominent reasons that have been stated for the looming percentage of people suffering from heart disease can be classified as natural as well as artificial. Natural reasons can be categorized as being imminent as they mainly result from the process of aging. In biological terminology aging is referred to as a disease which deteriorates the proper functioning and working of different organs of the body with the passage of time and age. A possible outcome of the aging process is arteriosclerosis due to which calcium deposition begin to calcify and harden the walls of the arteries and other blood vessels involved in the transport of blood from one organ to the other. Other than this the artificial reasons that further facilitate the occurrence and development of these diseases include the intake of excessive fatty and high cholesterol diet as being the most common and prominent reason for this disease. By consuming excessive cholesterol diet fatty deposits accommodate in the blood vessels of the body. The lumen of the arteries as compared to other blood vessels is small which undergoes further closure due to the deposition of these fatty materials. With the increasing deposition of these materials blood has to exert greater resistance and pressure to get through the arteries thus facilitating the risk of heart disease and blockage in coronary arteries which provides nutrition and nutrients to heart muscles. Thus in the case of blockage in these arties the probability of a heart attack increases extraordinarily. In addition to this people who take a lot of stress and tension are also likely to suffer from such diseases primarily because of the high blood pressure that they suffer from because of their stress taking habits.(Kosug, 2006) Along with this it is very important to consider the reason of smoking which can also be attributed overwhelmingly to contribute to the increase of heart diseases. Substances present in smoke which include nicotine, tobacco and tar restrict the flow of blood to organs by narrowing the lumen of arteries and thus increases blood pressure. It is mainly because of smoking that many people also develop the disease of hypertension which is commonly referred to as the silent killer primarily because the victim at the very last time is completely unaware of the heart problems that he suffers from. All such reasons collectively contribute to the occurrence of a heart attack or in worse cases may also lead to heart failure or cardiac arrest.   
 These factors are interrelated in complicated ways, and are causing or worsening. For example, arteriosclerosis cause hypertension, and hypertension will cause much of arteriosclerosis. Many of these factors are ultimately caused or aggravated by these lifestyle factors: Too high consumption of fat, cholesterol and sugar, consumption of large types inappropriate, lack of fiber, vitamins, minerals and other shortcomings of the regime, stress at work and in daily life, smoking, and  lack of exercise. 
A set of activities and routine with the aim of preventing heart disease is helpful to prevent cancer and other diseases. Here are the councils of regime 

-Avoid or reduce the amount of food that are industrially processed, artificially made or heavily fried. 

- Eat fish at least every second day. Also eat seafood and fouls. 

- Do not eat much red meat. 

- Eat 5 fruits or vegetables every day. Each piece should be the size of an apple or a carrot. They should be raw or carefully boiled so have that food should not be erased. 

- Eat full corn bread, the full corn cereals, peas, beans and potatoes. 

- Eat only a moderate amount of fat. 

- Consume cholesterol rich foods like egg, spawn or liver in just moderate amounts. 

- In the best case the more fat you eat should be of the type mono-unsaturated. You also need a certain type of polyunsaturated fat, omega-3 and Omega 6, but not too much omega-6. Consumption of saturated fat should be moderate. 

- To achieve the right balance big, a large part of the large supply should come from the blending of sources like olive, olive oil, canola oil, nuts, nut oil, sunflower , sunflower oil, linseed oil (flax oil), fish and fish oil. 

- Use only a moderate amount of soybean oil and corn oil in the diet. Only use such oil types will give you too much polyunsaturated fat of the omega-6-type. 

- Use just a moderate amount of very large sources such as butter, coconut oil and palm oil. High consumption of these large sources gives you too much saturated fat. 

- Do exactly the fat that has been chemically altered, giving so-called trans-fat. This type of fat is often found in margarine, cookies, snacks, fast foods and other food premade. 

- Consume just a very moderate amount of sugar, refined flour or refined cereals. 

- Consume just a moderate amount of tranquilizers and stimulants like alcohol and caffeine. 

- Use just a moderate amount of salt in food. However, hot weather and hard physical labor, you'll need more salt. 
       The evidence suggests that it is worth taking some supplements of natural substances to prevent heart disease and to help improve the problems already apparent heart. These supplements are: 

- Acids, fatty drifted fish and other marine sources, particularly fatty acids EPA (eicosapentaenoic acid) and DHA (docosahexaenoic acid) and alpha-linolenic acid. 1 gram per day of each of these substances can be taken as a supplement. Larger amounts should be taken only under medical supervision, since a higher amount of these substances can cause bleeding tendencies, and can suppress the immune system.(Erhardtz, 2002) 

- We thought the extra vitamin C to help prevent heart disease, but the new findings cast doubt on this. 

- Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine), acid / folate folic vitamin b12 and riboflavin seem to prevent the accumulation of homocysteine
​​in the blood substance and thereby help to prevent heart disease, according to results of projects research. 

The lifestyle measures listed in this section will also help you lose weight. If these measures are not enough, you should consider engaging in a more specific program of weight reduction. You should choose a program that has a philosophy of moderate fat content. Some weight reduction programs are consuming a low fat and carbohydrate more than philosophy, and those are probably not the best to reduce the chance of getting heart disease. 

You should do some exercise at least half an hour at least every second day. The training provided as brisk walking, jogging, cycling or swimming is best to reduce the likelihood of heart attack. Muscle building exercises are also valuable, particularly exercises building leg muscles.  If you smoke, stopping or reducing this habit dramatically decreases the chance of getting heart problems. 
If you have type 1 diabetes, good control of the disease by the drug insulin and diet adjustments will help prevent heart disease. This disease does not necessarily give dramatic symptoms, but increases the chance of the disease to get serious heart problems, and many have the disease without knowing it. This disease can be prevented by the same lifestyle measures depicted above. If you already have the disease, a more rigorous control of carbohydrate intake is necessary. And sometimes also medication must be used. People over age 50 and younger people who do not feel well should find out if they suffer from this condition. 

     Low doses of aspirin salicylic acid or acetyl can help to prevent heart disease by persons bearing a high risk for heart disease. However, this drug increases the risk of bleeding and should not be used without constant medical supervision. For people with a low risk of heart disease, the dangers aspirin will be greater in its benefits.
   If the coronary artery becomes completely blocked, the area of the heart supplied by that particular blood vessel will be starved of oxygen and die thereafter. This blockage may be caused by a clot, a condition often referred to as a myocardial infarction. The development of advanced cardiac care in the hospital and proper post-hospital care means that heart attack patients have a good chance to make a full recovery. This is important information to remember when you reassure someone who has a heart attack. 
If the coronary artery becomes completely blocked, the area of ​​the heart supplied by that will show particular signs and symptoms of heart attack. These signs and symptoms are generally the same as those of angina - indeed, the patient may initially the attack of angina suffering    becomes a heart attack. 

The main difference is that heart attacks do not always follow the physical exertion. While angina sufferers recover from their attack on the break, heart attack patients do not tend to improve without medical treatment. 
Enter the accident in a semi-final-sitting, head and shoulders supported and knees bent, as is usually the best position to breathe in. Reassure the accident and not allow unnecessary movement, as this will put an extra strain on the heart. If the accident was the angina medication, let's take this. If you have a regular aspirin, give a chewing (without water). 

Coronary artery disease is caused by narrowing of the coronary arteries that supply blood to the heart, and it often results in a heart attack. Each year nearly 1.1 million Americans suffer heart attacks and nearly half of them are fatal. Nearly half of these deaths occur within one hour following the first symptoms, even before the person arrives at the hospital. 

Fortunately, anyone can take precautions to protect his heart - and his life. The key is to seek medical care as quickly as possible. A rapid response to early signs of heart attack is crucial to save lives and limit damage to the heart. 

Heart attacks affect men and women. However, some people are more likely than others to have one, because they are part of the group "at risk". Risk factors are behaviors or conditions that increase the chances of having a disease. Some cannot be controlled, but most can be modified in order to help you lower your risk of your first - or new - heart attack. Risk factors for heart attack, if not diagnosed on time, can take its tolls very rapidly on the sufferer.
Treatments for heart attack works by opening the blocked artery to restore blood flow as quickly as possible. This limits the damage done to the heart muscle and reduces the chances of another attack. The main treatments are thrombolytic therapy (dissolving blood clots), other medications and special procedures such as angioplasty and coronary bypass surgery. To be effective, these treatments must be given quickly - within the hour following the first symptoms of the attack. The fact of acting quickly can save lives and minimize damage to your heart. 
How to survive a heart attack? The quick action is your best weapon. Drugs to dissolve clots and other treatments that involve opening the artery can stop the heart attack. They may also prevent or limit heart damage - but they should be given immediately, the first symptoms. Ideally, to be more effective, they must be given within one hour following the first symptoms.(Robert, 2004) 

Medications can cause side effects. If any side effects occur, talk to your doctor. Often, a change in dose or drug type, or use a combination of drugs can stop these effects. 














References
Mallinson, T (2010). "Myocardial Infarction"Focus on First Aid (15)
    Kosuge, M; Kimura K, Ishikawa T (2006). "Differences between men and women in terms of clinical features of ST-segment elevation acute myocardial infarction"Circulation Journal 70        
Erhardt L, Herlitz J, Bossaert L (2002). "Task force on the management of chest pain"  Eur. Heart J. 23 (15)










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