In the U.S, anabolic steroid abuse has been a drastic problem that annually causes health severity, deaths and huge cost to the American society. Numerous sports scandals have come to public in recent years despite it is illegal and considered as cheating and against the norms of fair competition. According to the statistics of CDC (Centre for Disease Control and Prevention), the use of anabolic steroids among young generation was reported with an increase of 2.7% to 6.1% during 1991 to 2003 and 6.1% to 4% during 2003 to 2005. Another study conducted by Monitoring the Future, 2000 revealed a significant increase in the usage of anabolic steroids among sportsmen including body builders and school age children in the period of last decade. These statistics are posing quite an alarming situation as the access to buy and use anabolic steroids in easy (Charles and Michael, 2008).
Various researched statistics by government and non-profit agencies resulted in creating stakeholders across the United States that includes government itself, policy makers, professionals of healthcare, sportsmen, sports officials, pharmaceutical manufacturing and retail industry, etc. The common and core agenda of all the stakeholders is to control the abuse and non-medical use of anabolic steroids by individuals especially the sportsmen. Following is the analysis of stakeholders of anabolic steroids abuse:
Policy Makers are the key stakeholders because they decide on how to cope up with the issue and they develop strategies accordingly to reduce or enhance the effect of anything. Policy makers represent government and their part is to facilitate the common public from adverse effects of anything. In this case, policy makers attempt to ensure that the non-medical usage of steroids may be controlled and avoided by the sportsmen to ensure their health and safety from chronic effects of those steroids (McCabe et al. 2008).
Centre for Disease Control and Prevention
CDC has also been an important stakeholder as it has conducted thorough researches over the malicious effects of anabolic steroids and it provides detailed statistics and researches on the issue while suggesting the control of non-medical usage of such dangerous stuff.
Health Services Specialists
Health services experts are also one of the important stakeholders as they continuously propagate the need to avoid any non-medical use of anabolic steroids because of malicious side effects and irreversible physical harms that sportsmen and body builders bear in the long term.
Steroids manufactured by the pharmaceutical companies are stakeholders as they tend to produce such stuff for commercial purposes and they cannot simply quit production such chemicals and finished products that give them high business (Anabolic Steroids and Sports).
Chemist retailers are also important stakeholders because they can play very pivotal role in reducing the abuse of steroids by not selling to under aged group or without medical prescription. These retailers provide an easy access to everyone to buy and use such dangerous stuff (Anabolic Steroids and Sports).
Sportsmen hold utmost importance in this case as they are the key users of anabolic steroids that come under abuse and non-medical usage. The trend has been found increasing among the sportsmen at school level till professional level regarding the use of steroids to enhance energy, stamina and muscles to excel in their sports (Jason et al. 2007).
Sports officials at professional level are also key stakeholders because they tend to curtail the misuse of supplements and medicines like steroids which cause harm to health as well as they are against law and standards of fair competition that need to be retained in all sports.
The priority of stakeholders is given below from highly prioritized to low prioritized according to interest and pivotal role:
1. Policy Makers
3. Health Services Specialists
4. Steroid Sellers
5. Sports Officials
7. Steroid Manufacturers
Plan to Approach Stakeholders
According to the priority list of stakeholders, the highly prioritized stakeholders will be given more importance and they will be addressed on priority basis. However, the common agenda needs to be developed among opposing and supporting stakeholders i.e. to assure reduced abuse rate of anabolic steroids among sportsmen while ‘Policy Makers’ remain in central position to strategize plan of action to attain the objective. The plan will go as follows to achieve the objective:
These stakeholders include:
· Steroid Sellers
· Steroid Manufacturers
As use of steroids remains illegal in all cases except its medical use like inflammation, asthma, etc, thus these stakeholders must be made aware of the fact that abuse of anabolic steroids may result in legal complexities that could defame them. They must be brought to single agenda of curtailing mal effects of such medicines (Jason et al. 2007).
These stakeholders include:
· Policy makers
· Health services Experts
· Sports Officials
These stakeholders need to actively combat the issue through expert opinions and researches while policy makers may help to develop strategies accordingly so that the non-medical use of such drugs may be restrained (Charles and Michael, 2008).
Charles, Y. and Michael, B. (2008) Anabolic Steroids. American College of Sports and Medicines.
MCCabe et al. (2008) Trends in non-medical use of anabolic steroids by U.S. college students: Results from four national surveys. NIH Public Access