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June 17, 2014

Birthing Practices and Differences

Differences In Birthing Practices

In the cultural context of different countries and societies one particular feature that distinguishes them from each other is the way through which they practice and execute different customs and traditions related to the process of childbirth. One of the factor that defines and dictates the different birthing practices that are followed in different countries is mainly due to their religion and ritualistic practices that they have been following from generations to generations.
During the course of this discussion we would be looking at some of the countries and the birthing practices that they follow. In addition to this we will also conduct a comparison of the different birthing practices with the United States and in what ways are they similar or different.
Burma:
Since the population of the country is composed of different ethnicities and population segments, we will consider Karen community here. Even though there has been little research done on the birthing practices followed by Karen people, it goes without saying that they fear complications in child birth, knowing it to be a common cause of death of women.
In order to relieve the woman giving birth traditional midwives make use of magical spells and conduct special ceremonies by using special medicines prepared from Euphorbiaceae root (Health 2010)
China:
Many people in China whether they are sick or pregnant assume a sick role and become heavily dependent on others for the fulfillment of their different and everyday needs and requirements. They believe that the state of pregnancy disturbs the natural balance of hot and cold in the body and therefore they make use of different dietary combinations and foods to reinstate it.
Also, it is discouraged for a woman to scream when in the state of labor or giving birth. Therefore, Chinese woman prefer either sitting or squatting during birth. It should mainly be based on the state of health of the mother. If she is in a state of delivering the baby without screaming only then should such a cultural barrier be applied.  
Netherlands:
Most Dutch women in the state of pregnancy do not visit an obstetrician, but are referred by their doctor to a local midwife. The intervention of a doctor is only observed when the case gets complicated or there is a severe risk to a person’s life. In most of the cases of childbirth in Netherlands women prefer to go the natural way of giving birth to their babies without an anesthetic.
As soon as the child is born, the unique Dutch system of kraamhulp (maternity home care) sets into motion. This unique facility provides a newly born mother to have rest for seven days while a nurse or housemaid does all the work in the apartment from cooking to cleaning, and most importantly, all expenses of her duties are covered by insurance (Lara 2011). It’s something really nice to see that a new mother can take proper rest and recover from the pain that she went through during the child birth process.  
Difference from United States and opinions
In the United States the entire process of child birth has nothing very distinguishable about it. From the first to the ninth month there are regular checkups and ultrasounds that are conducted by doctors and their team of gynecologists and obstetricians.
It is on the advice that they provide the treatment is conducted until the birth of the baby (Betsy 2011). Unlike any other country, it is mainly the doctor that decides whether it will be suitable for the mother to go for epidural or anesthetic, depending on the overall health state and situation of the mother. Furthermore, there are no extra expenses related to post birth covered by insurance and from the time of reaching it is the mother that has to develop the habit of spending her life with the baby as well as taking care of all her household problems and chores.  







Works Cited

Schalken, Lara ‘Birth Customs Around the World’ (2011) retrieved from:

http://www.parents.com/pregnancy/giving-birth/vaginal/birth-customs-around-the-world/?page=2

 

Health ‘Cultural dimensions of pregnancy, birth and post-natal care’ (2010) retrieved from:


http://www.health.qld.gov.au/multicultural/support_tools/14MCRS-pregnancy.pdf

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