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June 28, 2014

Summary of American Education/Training Historical Synopsis

3:35 PM

Education has never been one of the basic reasons for people to move to New World. The education practices of the New World have been imported from the Old World. The following were the very first institutions which were established in colonial period.

            1635           the first college of colonial period was Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard College while Latin Grammar School was the First secondary school

At that time college education was to college for very selected group of exclusive people and people were admitted in college when they became proficient in Latin. 

            1642           Massachusetts:  the first legislation for schools was introduced.
This legislation is for grammar school whose purpose is to prepare students to enter college. The colonies grew with the passage of time and so did the educational institutions  
               1693       William and Mary

               1701       Yale

               1746       Princeton
In the 100 years educational requirements and standards was not changed but then visionaries like Benjamin Franklin was emerged who presented the concept of secondary schools.
            1751           Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: Secondary school founded by Franklin known as the "American Academy"

The concept of this new American Educational system was to prepare people for employment. The concept became popular and replaced the Latin Grammar Schools. The negative point of these new schools was that they were private institutions which have the capacity to enroll a very limited number of students. 
Following are some of the significant dates and the events associated with it
 1785   Northwest Ordinance Act – this act was passed for the establishment of schools in Northwest Territory. 
1806       Promfret Manufacturing Company – the company started the training program for the children of their employees in order to get well trained workers in

1820       Indiana – First State University, Midwest Indiana University was established at Bloomington

1821       Boston – A new high school was started which was known
1824       as the "English High School". It soon replaced the Grammar as well as private schools.
1830’s     More Midwest state universities came about
1840's     (Michigan 1837, Wisconsin 1845).
1862    Land Grant College Act: colleges. The passing of this act started vocational education in colleges. This act was also known as the Morrill Act, after Senator Justin Morrill of Vermont.
1867       Office of Education was established by the Congress.
1872       Corporation schools established – Corporations emphasized on the training of their people.
R. Hoe Company of New York City was one such company which needed trained employees for the company. The company started employees training in their night school.
 1870’s            Mechanics Institute: These were established to fulfill the growing needs of industries.
1880       First Secondary Vocational School St. Louis, MO. Was established
1887       Hatch Act: This act established agricultural
               experimental stations
1892       Committee of ten: It was a committee for the review of curriculum of secondary education
 1892   University of Chicago: curriculum was divided into two academic entities
1896       The title of the two colleges was changed to junior and senior colleges
1900       Lyn, Massachusetts: the ancestor of present apprentice program was launched by General Electric Company
1901    Joliet, Illinois: The first separate junior college established
1901       Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: Training school for employees was established by Baldwin Locomotive Works
1913       National Association of Corporation Schools (NACS): it was an attempt for organizing corporate training programs.
1914       Smith-Lever Agricultural Extension Act: This act provides Land Grant Colleges service.
1917       Smith-Hughes Act: s act made it possible for public schools to be financed by the federal government.
1918       Seven Cardinal Principles: the reorganization of secondary education commission published their recommendations
1918    New educational agencies: the Kindergarten, Junior High School, and the Junior College emerged.
1918       National Association of Employment Managers NAEM).
1919       Executive Training: it is the early form of modern MBA
1920       Women in Industry: Women started to join labor force after Women’s suffrage
1922/23  American Management Association (AMA) was founded
1920’s     States provide adequate facilities for education
 1944   American Society for Training and Development (ASTD) established
1950    Corporate training was on the rise.
1956       General Electric started offering its own college courses.
1950’s     The ‘baby boom’ created a high demand of educational facilities.
1950’s     the educational environment became more diverse
1963       Vocational Education Act(VEA)was introduced
1965       Higher Education Act
1968       Vocational amendments
1973       Comprehensive Education and Training Act (CETA)
1975       Education for all Handicapped Children Act(ages 3-21)
1976                       Sex discrimination elimination programs were developed
1979       Department of Education Organization Act established the United States Office of Education.
1982       Job Training Partnership Act (JTPA) replaced CETA.
1984       New act for vocational education was passed.
1986       Handicapped Children’s Protection Act – provided monetary support to parents of handicapped for education.
1988       Technology-Related Assistance for Individuals with Disabilities Act
1989       Perkins legislation was renewed
1990       Education of the Handicapped Amendments
               Individuals with Disabilities in Education Act (IDEA)
               Americans with Disabilities Act
               Developmental Disabilities Assistance and Bill of
               Rights Act
               Carl D. Perkins Vocational and Applied Technology Education Act.
1992       Job Training Reform Amendments – JTPA was renewed to remove barriers to employment
1994       Technology-Related Assistance for individuals with Disabilities Act Amendments
               The Goals 2000: Educate America Act
               School-to-Work Opportunities Act (STWOA)
1998       Carl D. Perkins III – provides funding for vocational education programs.

2006       Carl D. Perkins IV – name change to Career and Technical Education.   


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